Mental Health

A new screening strategy, YouthCHAT, is soon to be implemented in New Zealand to combat mental health disorders and risky behaviour in adolescents. Mental health concerns and risky behaviour often arise during adolescence, including alcohol and drug use, physical inactivity, and sexual risk behaviours. In New Zealand, 25% of youth are affected by depression and
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A recent randomized clinical trial detemines whether early education during depression treatment results in a better adherence to medication prescriptions. Non-adherence to anti-depressant medication is a major concern for depression treatment. In fact, between  29% and 40% of depressed adults over 55 years do not take their anti-depressant medications as prescribed.  This non-adherence is influenced
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A new Chinese study determines whether vitamin A supplements for children with autism spectrum disorders can help alleviate autism symptoms. Autism spectrum disorders are characterized by difficulties in social communication, repetitive motions of arms, fingers, or head, unusually intense and prolonged emotional interactions, and developmental delays. A number of studies indicate altered gut microbiota in
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A new study examines whether cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), a commonly used mental health intervention, is effective in treating health anxiety. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a mental health intervention used to improve personal coping strategies, cognitive patterns, behaviours, and emotion regulation. While originally designed to help treat depression, CBT is now used to treat
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Researchers are investigating whether the perceived link between autism and vaccines has resulted in lower vaccination rates among the siblings of those with autism. The perceived link between vaccinations and autism has been a major factor in the lower vaccination rates seen in their siblings in spite of the evidence contradicting this association. In families
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Japanese researchers assessed whether L-carnosine supplements would enhance the effectiveness of computerized cognitive behaviour therapy sessions. Previous research has demonstrated the moderate effects of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) on improving mood and reducing anxiety. There has also been research indicating that the nutritional supplement L-carnosine may have positive effects on mood. L-carnosine is an essential
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Researchers determine whether medications for panic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder increase the risk of adverse outcomes during pregnancy. Panic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) are not uncommon during pregnancy, with up to 5% and 10% of pregnant women experiencing panic disorder and GAD respectively. Based on registry studies, these disorders have been associated
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Previous studies have found a link between mental illnesses and low-quality sleep. But can sleep and mental illness symptoms be improved from digital cognitive behavioral therapy sessions? Quality rest is well-documented for creating a stable mental state and providing the energy needed for daily activities. Unfortunately, for some people, slumber, and mental state suffer in
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Scientists study the brains of young adults with ADHD to determine whether there are significant differences in the ADHD brain that can predict a diagnosis and help in the understanding of symptoms. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood disorder in which symptoms frequently persist into adulthood.  It is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. 
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Transcutaneous occipital nerve stimulation (tONS) may offer a promising migraine prevention alternative for migraine sufferers who do not respond well to preventative drug treatments.   Migraine is a common and debilitating condition.It typically causes a severe pulsating headache on one side of the head which can last from a few hours to several days. A
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A recent clinical study investigated the effect of improvisational music therapy for autism on social communication skills in children with autism spectrum disorder. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder with a spectrum of symptoms and levels of disability. Children with ASD have difficulties communicating and interacting with others and they often display repetitive
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Genome-wide association studies for many neurological disorders have limiting factors that cause the inability to draw significant clinical outcomes. Recently, studies have overcome these limitations for three neurological disorders, including multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s, and Huntington’s disease. A number of genome-wide association studies have provided important information on neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis, with over
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Leprosy is a worldwide disease. Unfortunately, efforts to eradicate this debilitating illness have stalled. This overview calls for a worldwide coalition towards a zero-case strategy. Leprosy, a bacterial disease, is a major cause of peripheral neuropathy leading to disability. Leprosy remains in over 100 countries and the battle to eliminate this disease has been fought
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There is a strong genetic basis to human autism spectrum disorders, but it has not been confirmed whether human behavioral disorders relate to insect social behaviors and if the similarities reflect common mechanistic roots. A recent ground-breaking study highlights the genetic link between socially unresponsive bees and human behavioral disorders, bringing new context to autism
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