Fitness & Food

In a recently published review, researchers summarize the effects of paternal obesity on male fertility — specifically sperm quality and progeny health. Obesity, defined as the excessive accumulation of adipose tissue, is a well-established risk factor for many pathologies, including hypertension, kidney and cardiovascular disease, and type II diabetes. Recent studies have shown that obesity
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Using data from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, researchers examine the relationship between children’s exercise and perceived neighborhood safety. The risk factors for cardiovascular disease, which include diabetes, obesity, and high blood pressure, are becoming more prevalent among youth. As a result, intervention efforts are beginning to target physical activity among youth as a way
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Researchers compare People Magazine’s World’s Most Beautiful lists from 1990 and 2017 to evaluate if there have been changes in beauty standards over time. There are variations of ideas on beauty depending on personal preferences and cultural standards. However, society demonstrates a substantial agreement overall as to what constitutes human beauty. People magazine has the
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A large study in over 135,000 people from 18 countries examined the relationship between dietary carbohydrates, fats, and long-term health. Previous experimental animal studies showed that reducing overall calorie intake extends the lifespan of rodents and monkeys. In humans, since the 1970s, there has been a particular focus on reducing fats — especially saturated fats
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In a study published earlier this month, researchers determine what affects the use and purchase of e-bikes would have on physical activity levels. To lower levels of inactivity and increase physical activity levels, cycling has been made a political goal in Norway. Many research studies have produced findings that support the positive outcomes related to
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In a recent study, scientists determine whether people can maintain their health with high-intensity interval training while on a fast food diet. The fast food diet currently prevalent in North America is both popular and unhealthy.  For example, a study has shown that during the 2007-2010 period, adults in the United States received 11% of
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Researchers discuss ways to reduce the risks associated with a common, but sometimes deadly, heart disorder — atrial fibrillation. Atrial fibrillation is a common heart disease that causes an irregular heartbeat by interfering with the heart’s normal rhythm. This interferes with the heart’s ability to pump blood efficiently around the body, which can lead to
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A large-scale multinational study investigates the effect of evolocumab on regulating LDL cholesterol levels and managing the risk of heart disease. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol is a well-researched marker for cardiovascular disease, with lower LDL levels being associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease. Proprotein convertase subtilisin-kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is an enzyme that plays
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Researchers studied the behaviours, attitudes, and motivations behind the use of electronic cigarettes in both smokers and non-smokers in the United States. Electronic Cigarettes are battery-powered cigarettes that have risen in popularity in the United States. It delivers aerosolized nicotine and substances to the user. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention has reported that
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A recent US study determined whether turning family exercise into cooperative games can increase motivation and family exercise levels. Many research studies that have investigated the connection between obesity, physical activity, and cardiovascular diseases have demonstrated that the majority of adults in the US are not meeting recommended levels of physical activity. This, in turn,
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Accurate tests are needed to guide decisions regarding closures due to beach water quality. In a recent study published in Environmental Health, researchers investigate fecal indicators and self-reported illness among six American beaches. Beach water quality poses a health concern that can impact the recreational use of beaches throughout the world. Human fecal contamination is
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A recent review paper examines the biology and clinical effectiveness of polyunsaturated fat in improving outcomes for patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disorder that often affects the joints, but can also affect other major tissues. Our understanding of the mechanisms behind the disease has advanced, in addition to the
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A study investigated heart disease treatment strategies to determine the most effective strategy for reducing the risk of secondary heart problems. Aspirin, commonly prescribed as a heart disease treatment, has been shown to reduce the risk of recurrent cardiovascular events such as coronary artery disease, stroke, and arrhythmias. Aspirin may also reduce the risk of
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Researchers in the United States are investigating the long-term effects of socioeconomic inequalities on heart health. Cardiovascular disease may not be associated only with the older in age. New research has made the connection between factors from childhood and its influence on the development and progression of heart disease. Researchers are becoming increasingly aware of
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Long-term intensive training results in changes in the heart known as “athlete’s heart”. A recent article compared the heart function of female athletes and sedentary females. Long-term intensive training and increases in oxygen demand often lead to morphological and mechanical changes in the heart. These changes, also known as “athlete’s heart”, happen in order to
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Dynapenia, an age-associated condition, is closely linked to obesity. A study determines the effects of dynapenia and obesity on mortality risk. The incidence and frequency of obesity have seen an abrupt increase in countries around the world, whether they are developed or developing. A great number of research studies have conclusively shown that the accumulation
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A study determines the association between frequent takeout meals and daily energy intake by considering socio-demographic and anthropometric factors. Eating out instead of cooking at home has been on the rise. However, takeout meals and food served in restaurants often contain more calories than people need. Takeout food is usually high in energy, fat, salt,
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A recent study examines whether happy music helps creativity during problem-solving by comparing four types of musical selections. Divergent and Convergent Thinking Divergent and convergent thinking are two poles on a spectrum of cognitive approaches to problems. On the divergent end, there is a problem and the thinker seeks to generate multiple solutions. Activities that
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