Fitness & Food

A recent US study determined whether turning family exercise into cooperative games can increase motivation and family exercise levels. Many research studies that have investigated the connection between obesity, physical activity, and cardiovascular diseases have demonstrated that the majority of adults in the US are not meeting recommended levels of physical activity. This, in turn,
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Accurate tests are needed to guide decisions regarding closures due to beach water quality. In a recent study published in Environmental Health, researchers investigate fecal indicators and self-reported illness among six American beaches. Beach water quality poses a health concern that can impact the recreational use of beaches throughout the world. Human fecal contamination is
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A recent review paper examines the biology and clinical effectiveness of polyunsaturated fat in improving outcomes for patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disorder that often affects the joints, but can also affect other major tissues. Our understanding of the mechanisms behind the disease has advanced, in addition to the
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A study investigated heart disease treatment strategies to determine the most effective strategy for reducing the risk of secondary heart problems. Aspirin, commonly prescribed as a heart disease treatment, has been shown to reduce the risk of recurrent cardiovascular events such as coronary artery disease, stroke, and arrhythmias. Aspirin may also reduce the risk of
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Researchers in the United States are investigating the long-term effects of socioeconomic inequalities on heart health. Cardiovascular disease may not be associated only with the older in age. New research has made the connection between factors from childhood and its influence on the development and progression of heart disease. Researchers are becoming increasingly aware of
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Long-term intensive training results in changes in the heart known as “athlete’s heart”. A recent article compared the heart function of female athletes and sedentary females. Long-term intensive training and increases in oxygen demand often lead to morphological and mechanical changes in the heart. These changes, also known as “athlete’s heart”, happen in order to
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Dynapenia, an age-associated condition, is closely linked to obesity. A study determines the effects of dynapenia and obesity on mortality risk. The incidence and frequency of obesity have seen an abrupt increase in countries around the world, whether they are developed or developing. A great number of research studies have conclusively shown that the accumulation
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A study determines the association between frequent takeout meals and daily energy intake by considering socio-demographic and anthropometric factors. Eating out instead of cooking at home has been on the rise. However, takeout meals and food served in restaurants often contain more calories than people need. Takeout food is usually high in energy, fat, salt,
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A recent study examines whether happy music helps creativity during problem-solving by comparing four types of musical selections. Divergent and Convergent Thinking Divergent and convergent thinking are two poles on a spectrum of cognitive approaches to problems. On the divergent end, there is a problem and the thinker seeks to generate multiple solutions. Activities that
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A recent study examines whether the consumption of protein before sleep can enhance protein synthesis in skeletal muscles. An individual’s protein needs increase with age, with older adults requiring approximately 40 g of protein for a 75% increase in protein synthesis. This is due to changes in the synthesis and breakdown of proteins, a process
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A simulated increase in ocean temperatures disturbs marine ecosystems and changes species diversity and growth. This is alarming news, especially since the simulation follows the “best case scenario” for ocean warming. There has been an unprecedented amount of skepticism around climate change and the effects it will have on the environment, economy, and global political
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Moderate-intensity aerobic activity can improve exercise endurance and help prevent chronic diseases. A study determines if a six-month brisk walking program was able to improve walking endurance in older women who are physically deconditioned. Low physical activity is associated with chronic diseases and older people are more susceptible to such diseases due to their sedentary
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Blood cholesterol levels are linked to cardiovascular disease. However, recent studies suggest that it is not LDL cholesterol that mediates cardiovascular risk, but its neighbour apoB instead. Lowering blood levels of low-density (LDL) cholesterol has been linked to reducing cardiovascular risk, including the risk of heart attacks. Statins are a type of drug typically used
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A study determines if a treatment lowering LDL-cholesterol in patients at high risk for adverse cardiovascular events further reduces the risk of adverse outcomes such as heart attack or stroke. It is estimated that roughly 30 million people worldwide take statins to lower LDL-cholesterol levels. The buildup of LDL-cholesterol, dubbed bad cholesterol, in the arteries
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Milk protein supplementation following strenuous exercise can decrease muscle fatigue and increase skeletal muscle growth. Researchers set out to find out whether protein intake after exercise increases muscle recovery. Taxing exercise routines can take a toll on all muscle tissues involved in the movement. Exercise repetitions lead to increased microscopic trauma to skeletal muscle, causing
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