Depression is a condition affecting millions of people throughout the world. Aalbers and colleagues review the evidence of the effectiveness of music therapy for depression in a recent study. Depression is a medical condition that affects millions each year. It leads to a low mood, low energy, and reduced interest in activities that the person
Researchers examine the risk factors and preventative actions related to schizophrenia from the first signs of psychosis to full diagnosis. Schizophrenia is a serious mental health condition. Marked by symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, or disorganized speech or behaviour, schizophrenia can severely impact an individual’s ability to function in society and lead a fulfilling life.
A recently published systematic review and meta-analysis assesses the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in children admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit. Vitamin D is a regulator of calcium levels in the body. A deficiency in vitamin D levels correlates with many skeletal conditions and has been identified as a cause of conditions such
A recent article published in BMC Pulmonary Medicine surveys physicians to understand their views on the new guidelines for asthma management. Asthma is a widespread, global health problem that impairs the quality of life and workplace productivity for many. There have been advances in asthma treatments, but many patients still cannot effectively manage their disease.
Researchers recently investigated whether introducing HIV self-testing could provide a potential HIV prevention strategy, particularly among female sex workers in Zambia. The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) aims to diagnose at least 90% of the world’s population living with HIV by the year 2020. In order to achieve this goal, a high coverage
Researchers from Switzerland will be conducting a first-ever study to assess whether creative music therapy could promote brain function in preterm infants. It’s an age-old question. We’ve all heard of the “Mozart effect”, the idea that playing classical music to babies might make them smarter. The idea was popularized by research from the University of
Researchers at Stanford University are aiming to figure out if umbilical cord blood or the factors found in it could help improve memory and learning in the ageing brain. As we age, there is a significant decline in our cognitive function. This is one of the key features of neurological disorders. A brain region known
A review article in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology highlights how collagen is currently being used and sourced, as well as its possible future uses. “Collagen” is already a byword when it comes to rejuvenation—a multitude of products, both prescription and over the counter, have collagen as its major component in the hope of
A recent systematic review conducted by British researchers evaluated different measures of health-related quality of life for those living a life with HIV. While the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) has significantly changed the prognosis of HIV from a terminal disease to a chronic condition, a life with HIV continues to result in a
Practitioners at an integrative medicine primary care center combining conventional and complementary therapies assessed their patients’ experiences. Integrative medicine is a prevention-oriented, holistic approach to healthcare which emphasizes the importance of lifestyle to maintain health. It combines conventional medical treatment with complementary therapies. Health centers focused on integrative medicine aim to promote self-care and to
In a recent study, Dutch researchers investigated whether there is a link between tumour gene activity and responsiveness to chemotherapy in patients with metastatic breast cancer. Due to the diverse nature of metastatic breast cancers (in which cancerous cells have spread to other parts of the body and may have mutated further), it is difficult
Cancer immunotherapy is one of the most promising fields in new cancer treatment options. But how close are we really to use it as a treatment? Cancer immunotherapy has recently seen some great advancements and a lot of hope lies in this treatment approach. Cancer immunotherapy is a type of therapy approach that uses the
A recent meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials assessed the efficacy of two drug treatments in reducing mortality in heart failure patients. Chronic heart failure affects 1-2% of the adult population in developed countries and it has one of the highest morbidity and mortality rates for cardiovascular disease globally. It is thus crucial to decrease the
A group of scientists and doctors developed a smartphone application in hopes of providing an accessible, inexpensive way to assess neonatal jaundice. Bilirubin, found in the blood, is a by-product of old red blood cells breaking down. When total serum bilirubin (TSB) levels are elevated, jaundice, which describes the yellowing of the skin, can occur.
Botulinum toxin manufacturers recommend avoiding anticoagulants during therapy. Researchers recently conducted a clinical trial to evaluate the risk. Botulinum toxin (BT), also known as Botox®, is a neurotoxin that is commonly used for cosmetic and muscle relaxation therapies. Once injected into muscle tissue, BT quickly inactivates surrounding nerves causing muscle paralysis which reduces muscle tension.
In a recent study published in Annals of General Psychiatry, researchers examined the impact of school bullying on children’s mental health. School bullying is a widely recognized public health concern for youth. Being bullied is associated with having poor mental and emotional health, and studies have shown that the same may be true for the
One could argue that human history has been shaped by infectious diseases caused by pathogens. In a recent article published in BMC Biology, researchers answer the questions what are pathogens and what have they done for us? Micro-organisms are all around us and even live inside us. Amazingly, the human body contains as many bacterial
Clinicians review the availability and potential misuse of prescription-strength topical steroids in the United States. Topical steroids are used to treat inflammatory conditions of the skin, such as eczema. They are available in varying potencies. Low potency topical steroids may be available for purchase without a prescription. Topical steroids can cause systemic side effects such
A secondary data review of past analyses may provide a stronger link between antidepressant drugs during pregnancy and autism risk. An essential part of current research and data analysis includes a meta-review of previous work by scientific peers or colleagues. One such study is a secondary review of six multiple-data-source studies performed by Dr. Chittaranjan
A recent study sheds new light on the genetic basis of alcohol dependence and major depression, which could help develop new treatments for these conditions. Although the comorbidity of alcohol dependence and major depression is recognized, the underlying basis of their co-occurrence is not well understood. Studies indicate that alcohol dependence increases the risk of
Despite its popularity, the impact of rhinoplasty surgery on social perceptions is unknown. A recent study set out to measure the association of rhinoplasty with perceived attractiveness, success, and overall health as ranked by an observer. Rhinoplasty surgery, also known more commonly as a nose job, is one of the most common facial plastic surgery
Using techniques traditionally used in applying makeup, researchers inject dermal fillers for cheek augmentation. They recently published their results. One of the changes often seen in the aging face is sagging cheeks. The drooping from the loss of skin tone and elasticity can also be compounded by the shrinking of the cheekbone. Recreating the youthful
In a recent systematic review published in BMC Cancer, researchers summarize previous data on the effects of exercise on cancer fatigue. Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) affects many cancer patients who either are undergoing or have undergone treatment. This condition occurs when patients are physically, mentally, or emotionally tired due to cancer therapies. Cancer fatigue can have
In a recently published article in BMC Psychiatry, Dutch psychiatric cohorts seek to increase the potential of brain donation potential with a new registry. Human brain tissue is essential to study psychiatric disorders on a molecular and cellular basis. The current stock of adequate grey matter is inadequate for high-production studies across the globe. To
In a recent study, researchers determine if the association between antidepressants and type 2 diabetes in adults is the same for youth. There has been a marked increase in antidepressant use among youth over the past 20 years. In fact, antidepressants are one of the most common psychotropic drugs prescribed to children. Several antidepressants are
Researchers investigated the relationship between age and ADHD diagnosis to uncover if a child’s age within the school year impacts chances of a diagnosis. Behavioural symptoms that include hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention are well-known features of children diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). There are many factors that contribute to the chances of receiving
Oily skin is a common dermatologic concern for many patients. A recent review highlights the different treatment options currently available. Oily skin is a frequently encountered complaint in dermatologic consults. Besides acne, patients commonly decry the shiny or even greasy appearance that excess oil production gives the skin. The plethora of pharmaceutical and over-the-counter remedies
Researchers evaluated the safety of the anti-epileptic medication, lamotrigine use during pregnancy on newborns and child development. Most of the current evidence on antiepileptic drug (AED) use in pregnant women and the resulting increased incidence of child malformation and neurodevelopmental delay refers to the older generation of AEDs. Lamotrigine is a newer generation AED that