Drugs

A study examines the association between viruses and breast cancer by examining the presence of the four viruses in normal breast tissue and after cancer development. Numerous viruses have been linked to the development of invasive breast cancer.1 Of these, the mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV), bovine leukemia virus (BLV), human papillomavirus (HPV), and Epstein
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In a recent study, scientists investigate the use of MDMA in conjunction with psychotherapy as an aid in treating and alleviating PTSD symptoms. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by the re-experiencing of psychological and physiological distress related to past traumatic events. Individuals with PTSD may undergo profound personality changes linked to past traumatic experiences.
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In a national study, UK researchers investigated how prostate cancer patient choice, mobility, and hospital competition policies, impact hospital policies. Several countries including those in the United Kingdom have implemented policies which enable patients to choose a specific healthcare centre in a bid to improve the efficiency in the delivery of healthcare services. The result
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In a recent study, researchers investigate the link between exercise and depression by determining whether exercise lower the risk of depression. Depression and the costs associated with it is steadily rising as a top public health concern across developed and developing nations. There is a great need for preventative and continuing care for this mental
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The impact of swimming in chlorinated water on childhood asthma is controversial. Researchers determine whether the controversy is due to citation bias in the current scientific literature. Childhood asthma is a common chronic disease. Swimming is an accepted way to relieve symptoms, which include shortness of breath, wheezing, and coughing. However, a study challenging this
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An article published in the Gynecologic Oncology Research and Practice reviews the current medications available for treatment of ovarian cancer. Epithelial ovarian cancer is commonly diagnosed in its advanced stages. Although current management for ovarian cancer is effective in inducing a complete remission, a large proportion of patients eventually experience recurrence. In an article recently
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In 2017, three different pharmaceutical companies have found that a protein responsible for cancer-induced anorexia may benefit people suffering from obesity. Currently, there are many people suffering from obesity worldwide. However, attempts to lose weight are unsuccessful for some people despite engaging in diets and strenuous physical activities. A recent news article published in Science
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Photoaging is the early aging of the skin as a result of prolonged UV-exposure. In a recent study, researchers investigate the effects of fluorouracil 5% cream on photoaging. Photoaging presents with signs such as liver spots, wrinkles, spider veins, loss of elasticity, and hyperpigmentation. This premature aging of the skin is the result of long-term
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Preterm births are the most common cause of infant death worldwide. A new study is the first to identify relevant genes and a simple, potentially low-cost solution. What are Preterm Births? A human pregnancy normally lasts about 40 weeks. Preterm births, also known as premature births, are when a baby is at born 37 weeks
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Plastic surgery procedures for neck rejuvenation pose risks to the patient. Doctors examine a new alternative called percutaneous radiofrequency ablation. The formation of horizontal lines and wrinkles and the loss of definition of the jaw lines are a result of the process of aging and age-related laxity over the platysmal bands, which are muscles of
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Nicholas Waglechner and Gerard D. Wright investigate the ancient origins and current state of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance in a recently published review in BMC Biology. The inappropriate and widespread use of antibiotics has led to the development of antibiotic-resistant pathogens, capable of causing death and disease. For example, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a
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Scientists have developed a computer capable of determining the lowest energy state of three compounds; bring them closer to using quantum computers for the discovery and development of new drugs. The advent of powerful computers has allowed for substantial progress in fields like statistics, bioinformatics, and medicine. However, classical computers are limited in their progressing
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A new study reports that bacterial mutation rates are significantly higher under crowded conditions and offers insights which could help develop methods to counter antibiotic resistance.   Mutations, or changes in the DNA sequence, create genetic variations which can be beneficial or deleterious and are essential for the evolution of organisms. In fact, genetic mutations
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Antibiotic resistance is a major problem in healthcare. It is important to develop the most effective antibiotic prescription strategy. A recent study investigated the effectiveness of antibiotics in patients with acute uncomplicated respiratory tract infections. Acute respiratory tract infections are one of the most common complications managed by primary care physicians. These patients most commonly
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Statistics show that in 2015, the number of practicing doctors above the age of 65 was 23% of all health professionals. This percentage has increased by more than 374% since the year 1975. More than ever, we are left to wonder: what is the appropriate physician retirement age? There is concern regarding the ability of
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In a 2017 study, researchers explored the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms of the C-reactive protein gene and age-related macular degeneration. The findings suggest that C-reactive protein does not cause macular degeneration. Associations have been drawn between high levels of the inflammatory biomarker C-reactive protein (CRP) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) – deterioration of the
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Gonorrhea is one of the most common STI (sexually transmitted infections) worldwide. In 2016, the Global Antibiotic Research and Development Partnership (GARDP) was developed to address the concerns regarding the emergence of multidrug-resistant gonorrhea and the need for new treatments. Gonorrhea, caused by Neisseria gonorrheae bacteria is one of the most common STIs (sexually transmitted
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  Hyperhidrosis is a common medical condition characterized by excessive sweating. A recent systematic literature review investigated the efficacy and safety of several common Hyperhidrosis therapies.   Hyperhidrosis is a chronic autonomic disorder characterized by excessive sweating that affects approximately 4.8% of the United States population. The condition can significantly reduce the quality of life
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  Researchers have systematically evaluated antibiotic use in patients and concluded that antibiotics are still being overused.   Adverse drug effects are any injuries or negative reactions caused by taking a medication and are common even in everyday medications such as antibiotics. Recent recommendations have advised fewer antibiotic prescriptions, however, research has shown that as
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