Drugs

Researchers examine the risk factors and preventative actions related to schizophrenia from the first signs of psychosis to full diagnosis. Schizophrenia is a serious mental health condition. Marked by symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, or disorganized speech or behaviour, schizophrenia can severely impact an individual’s ability to function in society and lead a fulfilling life.
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A recently published systematic review and meta-analysis assesses the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in children admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit. Vitamin D is a regulator of calcium levels in the body. A deficiency in vitamin D levels correlates with many skeletal conditions and has been identified as a cause of conditions such
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A recent article published in BMC Pulmonary Medicine surveys physicians to understand their views on the new guidelines for asthma management. Asthma is a widespread, global health problem that impairs the quality of life and workplace productivity for many. There have been advances in asthma treatments, but many patients still cannot effectively manage their disease.
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Researchers from Switzerland will be conducting a first-ever study to assess whether creative music therapy could promote brain function in preterm infants. It’s an age-old question. We’ve all heard of the “Mozart effect”, the idea that playing classical music to babies might make them smarter. The idea was popularized by research from the University of
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Practitioners at an integrative medicine primary care center combining conventional and complementary therapies assessed their patients’ experiences. Integrative medicine is a prevention-oriented, holistic approach to healthcare which emphasizes the importance of lifestyle to maintain health. It combines conventional medical treatment with complementary therapies. Health centers focused on integrative medicine aim to promote self-care and to
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In a recent study, Dutch researchers investigated whether there is a link between tumour gene activity and responsiveness to chemotherapy in patients with metastatic breast cancer. Due to the diverse nature of metastatic breast cancers (in which cancerous cells have spread to other parts of the body and may have mutated further), it is difficult
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A recent meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials assessed the efficacy of two drug treatments in reducing mortality in heart failure patients. Chronic heart failure affects 1-2% of the adult population in developed countries and it has one of the highest morbidity and mortality rates for cardiovascular disease globally. It is thus crucial to decrease the
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Botulinum toxin manufacturers recommend avoiding anticoagulants during therapy. Researchers recently conducted a clinical trial to evaluate the risk. Botulinum toxin (BT), also known as Botox®, is a neurotoxin that is commonly used for cosmetic and muscle relaxation therapies. Once injected into muscle tissue, BT quickly inactivates surrounding nerves causing muscle paralysis which reduces muscle tension.
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One could argue that human history has been shaped by infectious diseases caused by pathogens. In a recent article published in BMC Biology, researchers answer the questions what are pathogens and what have they done for us? Micro-organisms are all around us and even live inside us. Amazingly, the human body contains as many bacterial
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Clinicians review the availability and potential misuse of prescription-strength topical steroids in the United States. Topical steroids are used to treat inflammatory conditions of the skin, such as eczema. They are available in varying potencies. Low potency topical steroids may be available for purchase without a prescription. Topical steroids can cause systemic side effects such
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A secondary data review of past analyses may provide a stronger link between antidepressant drugs during pregnancy and autism risk. An essential part of current research and data analysis includes a meta-review of previous work by scientific peers or colleagues. One such study is a secondary review of six multiple-data-source studies performed by Dr. Chittaranjan
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A recent study sheds new light on the genetic basis of alcohol dependence and major depression, which could help develop new treatments for these conditions. Although the comorbidity of alcohol dependence and major depression is recognized, the underlying basis of their co-occurrence is not well understood. Studies indicate that alcohol dependence increases the risk of
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Using techniques traditionally used in applying makeup, researchers inject dermal fillers for cheek augmentation. They recently published their results. One of the changes often seen in the aging face is sagging cheeks. The drooping from the loss of skin tone and elasticity can also be compounded by the shrinking of the cheekbone. Recreating the youthful
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In a recent systematic review published in BMC Cancer, researchers summarize previous data on the effects of exercise on cancer fatigue. Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) affects many cancer patients who either are undergoing or have undergone treatment. This condition occurs when patients are physically, mentally, or emotionally tired due to cancer therapies. Cancer fatigue can have
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In a recent study, researchers determine if the association between antidepressants and type 2 diabetes in adults is the same for youth. There has been a marked increase in antidepressant use among youth over the past 20 years. In fact, antidepressants are one of the most common psychotropic drugs prescribed to children. Several antidepressants are
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Researchers investigated the relationship between age and ADHD diagnosis to uncover if a child’s age within the school year impacts chances of a diagnosis. Behavioural symptoms that include hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention are well-known features of children diagnosed with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). There are many factors that contribute to the chances of receiving
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Oily skin is a common dermatologic concern for many patients.  A recent review highlights the different treatment options currently available. Oily skin is a frequently encountered complaint in dermatologic consults. Besides acne, patients commonly decry the shiny or even greasy appearance that excess oil production gives the skin. The plethora of pharmaceutical and over-the-counter remedies
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Researchers evaluated the safety of the anti-epileptic medication, lamotrigine use during pregnancy on newborns and child development. Most of the current evidence on antiepileptic drug (AED) use in pregnant women and the resulting increased incidence of child malformation and neurodevelopmental delay refers to the older generation of AEDs. Lamotrigine is a newer generation AED that
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