Diabetes

Researchers reviewed data from twenty prospective studies to analyze the relationship between omega-6 fatty acids and type 2 diabetes. Omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are found in nuts, seeds, and edible oils (such as most vegetable oils). They play an important role in growth and development. Certain clinical guidelines, such as the American Heart Association
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Researchers evaluated the safety and efficacy of ACE inhibitors and statins for the treatment of urinary albumin in adolescent type 1 diabetics.   Abnormally high urinary levels of albumin – a protein normally abundant in blood, but rare in urine – are associated with an increased risk of kidney dysfunction and cardiovascular disease. Adolescent type
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Researchers recently investigated the long-term effectiveness of diabetes prevention approaches on the incidence of diabetes-related mortality and morbidity. Currently, diabetes affects over 415 million adults worldwide and this is expected to increase to as many as 642 million adults by the year 2040. Since diabetes treatment cost the US healthcare system over $245 billion in
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Researchers recently looked at whether using iodine supplements during pregnancy could benefit the offspring’s neurocognitive development. Iodine is a vital component of thyroid hormones, which are essential for many aspects of fetal growth and development. Its role in fetal brain development is particularly important, with some studies implying that maternal iodine deficiency may be associated
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Researchers from Duke University look to see how financial incentives for improved glucose monitoring might keep teens from developing complications caused by type 1 diabetes. The transition from adolescence to adulthood can be a rough time for most people, but for kids with type 1 diabetes, it’s more than just dealing with teen angst. Type
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Researchers propose a modified guideline for type 2 diabetes treatment by evaluating patients’ cardiovascular risks when choosing anti-diabetic medications. Previous studies have shown that those with diabetes are at an increased risk of cardiovascular disease despite the use of cholesterol-lowering agents. Because of this, Valentina Rodriguez from the Division of Endocrinology at the New York
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A large US study looked at whether women who develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy are at a higher risk of cardiovascular disease later in life. During pregnancy, some women develop problems controlling their blood glucose. This is known as gestational diabetes. Although the condition is not fully understood, it is known that in pregnant women
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In a recent study, researchers investigate whether there is an association between poorly controlled diabetes and tuberculosis. For centuries, healthcare providers have recognized that there is an association between diabetes and tuberculosis. In fact, patients with diabetes are considered to have a higher potential risk of developing tuberculosis (TB). The reason for this being that
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In a study published American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, researchers determine if there is a possible association between trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) and type 2 diabetes. Trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) is a metabolite synthesized in the liver by trimethylamine, which is generated from our natural gut bacteria. The precursor for TMAO is dietary trimethylamine-containing compounds, including phosphatidylcholine, choline, and
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A review determines whether resveratrol reduces fasting glucose and insulin levels and improves insulin sensitivity in patients with type 2 diabetes. Resveratrol, a polyphenol found in the skins of red grapes, is a potent antioxidant that is being touted for its anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-aging, and cardioprotective effects. Some studies have shown that resveratrol intake improves
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Researchers determine the effect of continuous glucose monitoring in pregnant women with type 1 diabetes, their newborns, and women planning their pregnancy. According to current clinical care guidelines, women with type 1 diabetes should aim for optimal glucose control before and during pregnancy, as this significantly contributes to the health of both the mother and
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Researchers conducted a review of previous research to determine the effects of dragon fruit in diabetes management. Prediabetes and type 2 diabetes are diagnosed using blood sugar levels. A fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test measures blood sugar levels after approximately eight hours without eating. The two hours post-prandial glucose (2HPP) test measures blood sugar levels
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A team of American researchers may have identified a drug that can do it all – reversing diabetes and obesity all while helping us build stronger bones. Common diabetes treatments often leave patients prone to bone fractures and osteoporosis. This is because many diabetes medications often have a negative side effect: they block our body’s
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Researchers investigate genetic risk factors to determine whether women are more likely to inherit type 2 diabetes and whether it is transmitted equally by both parents.   Approximately 90% of all diabetes cases are type 2 diabetes. Although lifestyle factors such as hypertension, diet and excess weight can increase risk, this condition can also be
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Researchers determine whether there is a higher risk of weight gain depending on a woman’s BMI and if weight gain between pregnancies is an independent factor from gestational diabetes. Being overweight during pregnancy is a risk factor for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), however, the underlying reason behind this is unclear. GDM refers to any degree
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A recent post-hoc analysis of the Look Ahead trial revealed that weight loss in type 2 diabetes patients may reduce cardiovascular complications. The subgroup of people likely to benefit from weight loss can be identified by their HbA1C levels and a short questionnaire on general health. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition caused by the
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A randomized controlled trial split patients using continuous glucose monitoring into two treatment groups, one using insulin pumps and the other using insulin injections. The results show that the insulin pump group gained better control over the stabilization of glucose levels. Type I diabetes is a disease that affects more than 300,000 Canadians. It is
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  Complementary therapies are an appealing option for many patients with chronic disease. A recent study suggests supplementation with mulberry leaf extract may help decrease blood glucose levels after meals in patients with type 2 diabetes.   Mulberry leaves have a history of anecdotal use in Asia to treat glucose irregularities and studies in diabetic
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An aimed to investigate whether the consumption of sweetened beverages was linked with diabetes mellitus risk factors. It was concluded that sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened beverages were associated with, respectively, 43% and 21% increased risks of developing diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an increasing burden on the public health system due to the widespread
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