Children

In a recent study, researchers investigated whether there is a link between children’s antibiotics and the rise of autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes and celiac disease. The continued rise of autoimmune diseases (conditions in which the immune system attacks the body’s own cells) is believed to be caused in part by the increasing
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Researchers studied whether complete blood cell count (CBC) tests are accurate in identifying invasive bacterial infections in babies under two months old. Babies with fevers are often seen in hospital emergency departments to check whether they have serious bacterial infections such as urinary tract infection, bacteremia (blood infection), or bacterial meningitis (infection of the membranes
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Recent studies determine whether public smoking bans decrease the amount of children being admitted to the hospital for lower respiratory tract infections. Smoking has a direct impact on the respiratory system. The toxins and carcinogens found in cigarettes travel along the respiratory tract and can lead to both benign and malignant diseases at any point
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A recent study determined whether there is a relationship between childhood obesity and risk of stroke in adulthood. Childhood obesity is a rising health concern that has reached epidemic proportions throughout the world. Obese children have a high risk of developing health problems as adults. One of the major health concerns related to childhood obesity
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Iron-deficiency anemia affects millions of people around the world. Although iron-deficiency anemia is usually easily treated, it may cause impaired neurodevelopment in young children if left untreated. American researchers, therefore, determined whether ferrous sulfate can effectively resolve iron-deficiency anemia in children. Iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) occurs when the body’s iron stores become diminished. This leads to
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Attitudes toward breastfeeding have a chequered past despite the many positive health benefits it provides and its association with children’s cognitive development. Currently, the UK has one of the lowest rates of breastfeeding in the world, mainly due to social attitudes. Although policies promoting breastfeeding have been introduced in the UK, it appears that greater
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A new study validates the use of minimally invasive autopsies (MIAs) to accurately determine the cause of death in stillbirths and neonatal deaths. Since MIAs are less invasive, simpler, and more feasible, they could be an excellent tool to guide the development of preventative strategies to improve child survival in low-income, high-burden communities.   Each
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A recent study examined whether diet during pregnancy influences fat mass and adiposity in newborns.   Many studies have reported links between maternal diet and birth outcomes and weight, indicating that maternal health and nutritional status play a key role in the future health of offspring. Diet during pregnancy has been associated with newborn adiposity
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Researchers find no evidence to suggest that exposure to dogs or farm animals in an infant’s first year of life is associated with the development of type 1 diabetes.   In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers associated with three Swedish universities and their affiliates questioned whether early exposure to dogs and other animals, which carry many
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The development of oral language skills is a central measure of child development in elementary school, and failure to develop these skills may create life-long difficulties for children. In a recent study, researchers identified within-child biological, familial, and social factors associated with oral language skills at age 11 based on children’s levels of language development.
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A team from the UK used data from the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) to apply an alternative approach to the study of child language development. Quantile Analysis revealed that the association between factors such as poverty, early reading and TV and the outcome of language development is not equal across the population.   Language development
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Researchers conducted a meta-analysis of existing studies to determine whether owning a pet is associated with various developmental outcomes. They found that overall, the relationship between pet companionship and a child’s development may be positively correlated; however, due to weaknesses in methodology, the results should be applied with caution.   Childhood and adolescence are crucial
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Subclinical hypothyroidism and hypothyroxinemia during pregnancy have been hypothesized to be associated with cognitive function in offspring. However, recently researchers found that treatment with levothyroxine is not associated with greater IQ in children of mothers who have thyroid disease during pregnancy.   The thyroid is a gland located in the front of the neck right
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Researchers from the UK investigated the effects of exclusive, long-term breastfeeding on obesity and blood pressure of offspring in adolescence and found that breastfeeding in infancy did not lower the risk of obesity or high blood pressure.   Childhood obesity is a rising phenomenon worldwide. Obese children often become obese adults and may be affected
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