Researchers studied whether nipple-sparing mastectomy was a safe surgical procedure for breast cancer prevention in women with BRCA gene mutations who are at high risk of developing breast cancer. There are many different risks for breast cancer, but one important factor is a family history of the disease. Researchers have discovered that in some families
In a recent study, researchers aim to identify what information is most important to pancreatic cancer patients following their diagnosis. While the prognosis for pancreatic cancer patients has been improving with time, the disease is still considered to be incurable. Moreover, the life expectancy and quality of life for people diagnosed depends heavily on the
Two trials studied the effects of hormone replacement therapy in post-menopausal women to determine any effects on all-cause mortality and mortality from heart disease or cancer. The United States National Institutes of Health launched the Women’s Health Initiative in 1991 to understand the causes of heart disease, breast and colorectal cancer, and osteoporotic fractures in
Researchers determine whether lenalidomide is an effective maintenance therapy for leukemia patients. The first-line treatment for patients diagnosed with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is typically chemoimmunotherapy. Patients with a high risk of early disease progression are those with higher levels of residual disease after chemoimmunotherapy and/or those with specific genetic markers. For these patients, maintenance
Millions of people take low-dose aspirin to prevent heart attacks and strokes. Researchers determine whether a new use of low-dose aspirin can help in colorectal cancer prevention. Colorectal rectal is a very common cancer and the second most diagnosed cancer in Canada with roughly 27,000 new cases diagnosed annually.1 Follow-up studies in patients on low-dose
While you can’t put a price on life, many biopharmaceutical companies do just that if you have been diagnosed with cancer. Researchers determine whether the estimated cost of cancer drugs is correct. The average cost per year for cancer treatment is more than $100,000 US, with many treatments nearing the $200,000 mark per person. The
Naturally-occurring radon can be found at higher than recommended levels in some people’s homes. A recent US study examined a potential link between radon exposure and breast cancer. Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death among women worldwide. There are different types of breast tumors according to their responsiveness to various hormones and
A new meta-analysis examines the controversial relationship between protein intake from our diet and the risk of developing colorectal cancer. Colorectal cancer, which includes both colon and rectal cancer, is one of the most common types of cancers that are able to metastasize, which is when cancer travels to different sites in the body. This
This past August 2017 the US Food and Drug Administration made what many are calling a ‘historic action’ with the decision to approve the first gene therapy for leukemia in the US. Leukemia is a cancer of the blood cells. There are many different types of leukemia based on the type of blood cell affected
Advances in nanotechnology may soon give rise to an innovative way in the treatment of cancer: drilling through the membrane and destroying the cancer cells. The basic tenet of cancer treatment is its total eradication from the human body, but the aggressive and invasive nature of malignancies complicate and in many instances prevent this from
Personalized medicine is the future of cancer therapy. A recent report shows that one lab has successfully tested the zebrafish cancer response and its potential to be used to personalize patient treatment. Cancer is a heterogeneous disease. Not only are different types of cancers unique from one another, like brain cancer and breast cancer, but
A new study investigates a possible link between variants of the vitamin D receptor gene and the risk of developing nonmelanoma skin cancer. Nonmelanoma skin cancer refers to all forms of skin cancer that develops in the lower parts of the outer epidermis, including basal cells (basal cell carcinoma) and squamous cells (squamous cell carcinoma).
With millions of cancer-related ER visits per year, and cancer rates anticipated to double by 2040, healthcare facilities will need to thoughtfully prepare to maintain operational standards. Emergency departments are notoriously overburdened, resulting in huge inefficiencies. Most people have a personal story of waiting for hours at “emergency” clinics overwhelmed with people requiring immediate care.
A recently published study set out to discover whether an immune signature can be used to provide a reliable prognosis for patients with early-stage lung cancer. Of all lung cancer cases, 85% are attributable to non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Many patients with early-stage lung cancer do not
Durvalumab is one of a group of new cancer drugs called immune “checkpoint inhibitors”. It is undergoing clinical trials and the initial findings of its use in advanced bladder cancer have been reported in a recent study. The immune system is made up of organs, cells, and substances within the body which helps to protect
A recent study determines whether the prevalence of neuropathic pain in women following breast cancer treatment is higher compared with those in other cancer types. Neuropathic pain is pain that is caused by damaged or dysfunctional nerve cells, which results in pain signals being sent to the brain. It is associated with a host of