Cancer

A recent study investigates whether google trends and search queries can be used to track disease and guide future prevention and support programs. Internet search engines, like Google, are great tools that provide quick and easy access to health-related information, regarding disease symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. Cancer-related queries are some of the most common health-related
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Researchers followed prostate cancer patients to observe differences in mortality between patients who underwent prostatectomy and those on observation. Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers diagnosed in men. It is, however, a malignancy that progresses slower than other cancers. There has been a recent trend of a gradual increase in the incidence
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A world-wide meta- analysis involving the results of 88 clinical trials determined breast cancer recurrence outcomes 5-20 years after endocrine therapy. Endocrine therapy has proven quite beneficial for breast cancer therapy, even significantly reducing breast cancer recurrence in estrogen-receptor-positive patients when administered adjuvantly for five years. Furthermore, extending the time for which adjuvant endocrine therapy
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Research attempts to unpack the attitudes of patients in adopting active surveillance as a treatment option for slow-growing prostate cancer. Over 20,000 Canadians were diagnosed with prostate cancer in 2016, making it the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men. A patient receiving a diagnosis of prostate cancer is a frightening position, and understandably they may
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Diabetes is a common metabolic disorder. Researchers recently examined if diabetes is also associated with higher cancer incidence. Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that is estimated to affect 7% of Canadians (approximately 2.1 million) according to Statistics Canada. Diabetics suffer from uncontrolled blood glucose levels due to complications releasing insulin, a blood glucose regulating hormone.
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Current guidelines in the United States recommend cervical screening until 65 years. Researchers investigate the effectiveness of screening in older women. The high rate of cervical cancer in older women continues to be a concern for countries that have long-established cervical screening practices. By these measures, countries have seen a significant reduction in cervical cancer
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A recently published article has examined the relationship between smoking and lung cancer mortality among people living with HIV in the US. With the introduction of antiretroviral medications, the life expectancy of patients living with HIV has been dramatically changed.  Non-AIDS related diseases are the number one cause of mortality in AIDS patients undergoing retroviral
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Researchers identify factors associated with choosing alternative treatment for cancer and compare survival outcomes with conventional cancer treatment. Some patients with cancer choose to use methods of alternative treatment for cancer rather than conventional cancer treatment. However, the effectiveness of alternative medicine is still unknown as research on the topic is limited in part due
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A study evaluating the risks and benefits of 3D mammogram screening aims to help physicians select the appropriate screening method for their patients. Breast cancer screening through mammography has allowed physicians to detect and track tumours before they become life-threatening, thus saving many lives. The type of screening used in practice will depend on how
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Colon cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide. A group of researchers determine the link between antioxidants and digestive cancer risk. Colon cancer is the third most common cancer observed in both genders worldwide.  Previous studies have proposed that antioxidants reduce the risk of development of different malignancies. However, there have only been few
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With outstanding clinical results, a new cancer treatment attracting attention is cancer immunotherapy using bispecific antibodies. But is this treatment really the way forward? Tumour recurrence and the development of drug resistance are just two factors which contribute to the difficulties of curing cancer. Regardless of the advancements achieved in treating cancer, the development of
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Researchers are investigating whether genetic engineering can restore the ability of natural killer cells to locate, enter and destroy certain tumours. Natural killer (NK) cells may be an important new anti-cancer treatment option.  Natural killer cells, as a part of a healthy immune system are able to effectively kill a wide range of tumour cells. 
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Patient participation in clinical trials for cancer patients has been in decline. Researchers determine the barriers prohibiting participation. Randomized clinical trials are essential to testing whether a new treatment is better or worse than an existing one. Patients participating in clinical trials are typically randomly sorted into two groups: those receiving a new treatment under
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A new study published in JAMA Surgery looked at whether individual surgeon opinions on mastectomy had a great influence on whether the patient underwent the surgery. In 2013, Angelina Jolie promoted prophylactic mastectomy, a breast removal surgery to reduce the risk of developing breast cancer. Prophylactic mastectomy in women who carry certain gene mutations, such
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Researchers sought to characterize neurological disorders associated with anti-programmed death antibodies for the treatment of metastatic cancers. One method a tumour may escape destruction by the immune system is to affect the cells that would otherwise destroy it.  For the body to distinguish its own normally-functioning cells from abnormal cells and invaders, normal cells display
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Researchers studied whether nipple-sparing mastectomy was a safe surgical procedure for breast cancer prevention in women with BRCA gene mutations who are at high risk of developing breast cancer. There are many different risks for breast cancer, but one important factor is a family history of the disease. Researchers have discovered that in some families
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Two trials studied the effects of hormone replacement therapy in post-menopausal women to determine any effects on all-cause mortality and mortality from heart disease or cancer. The United States National Institutes of Health launched the Women’s Health Initiative in 1991 to understand the causes of heart disease, breast and colorectal cancer, and osteoporotic fractures in
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Researchers determine whether lenalidomide is an effective maintenance therapy for leukemia patients. The first-line treatment for patients diagnosed with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is typically chemoimmunotherapy. Patients with a high risk of early disease progression are those with higher levels of residual disease after chemoimmunotherapy and/or those with specific genetic markers. For these patients, maintenance
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Naturally-occurring radon can be found at higher than recommended levels in some people’s homes. A recent US study examined a potential link between radon exposure and breast cancer. Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death among women worldwide. There are different types of breast tumors according to their responsiveness to various hormones and
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