Potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) usage is associated with adverse complications in the older adult population. In a recent study, researchers determine the costs associated with PIMs and the difference between cases in residential care and traditional aged facilities. Polypharmacy is the concurrent use of numerous drugs to treat a single condition. Individuals prescribed more
A study was conducted on 122 new mothers to evaluate the possible correlations between sleep patterns and postpartum depressive symptoms. Depression has the potential to creep up on new mothers and unfortunately affects both mother and child. It is reported that 13-19% of women experience postpartum depression with as many as 30% of women
In a recent study, researchers developed a series of cell lines that may form the basis of a drug screen platform for breast cancer using organoids. Applying breast cancer therapies that are appropriate for a specific tumour’s composition, behaviour, and the specific mechanisms which allow it to grow, spread, and survive remains a challenge.
Researchers in the US used a statistical model to determine the impact of a food tax on unhealthy food and a subsidy on healthy food on cardiometabolic disease. The leading cause of disability and death in the US and around the world is cardiovascular disease (CVD). It is associated with economic costs that are projected
A recent study evaluated the effectiveness of introducing weight management programs to help treat and potentially make a clinical difference in patients with diabetes. Given that type 2 diabetes is associated with obesity, a recent study published in Diabetes Obesity and Metabolism investigated whether the introduction of a weight management program has the potential to
Researchers investigated the association between different types of microbes normally found in the mouth and the risk of head and neck squamous cell cancer. The human body is colonized by trillions of microbes (bacteria, fungi, and viruses) living on and in the body. These microbes outnumber human cells by about ten to one. They are
Researchers conducted a review of 26 studies to determine the possible effects of metformin and ethnicity on the risk of prostate cancer. Data shows that type 2 diabetes carries an increased risk in the development of some cancers. Diabetes and cancer share some similarities in pathophysiology. Insulin resistance occurs when the body is unable to
A recent scientific study examined the health benefits of green coffee bean extract and its potential use in the treatment of metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome, also known as Syndrome X or insulin resistance syndrome, is a cluster of risk factors that increase the chance of developing heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. More than 40% of
A recently published review article summarized research studies that highlight the impacts of health retreats, on their effects on health and well-being. Chronic diseases, which are caused by different lifestyle factors, are a serious global health concern and contribute to an estimated 60% of deaths all over the world according to the World Health Organization.
Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that typically affects adults over 65 years old. Researchers recently investigated if caffeine and caffeine metabolites can be used as biomarkers to effectively diagnose Parkinson’s disease. Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that progressively leads to loss of bodily movement. Currently, it is estimated that 55,000 Canadians (0.2% of the Canadian population) are living with Parkinson’s disease, making
Obese pregnant women have higher risks of complications during pregnancy and childbirth. Researchers recently identified maternal characteristics that are associated with uncomplicated pregnancies and births. Obese pregnant women have higher risks of complications during pregnancy and at birth compared to non-obese pregnant women including gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), preeclampsia, and emergency caesarian sections. All obese
Ovarian cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths in women. A recent study published in the International Journal of Cancer evaluated whether severe menstrual pain is associated with an increased risk of ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer is the fifth most common cause of female cancer-related deaths in the United States with more
A recent study examined if the expression of genes involved in the adaptation to exercise training was affected by the consumption of high fructose corn syrup and sucrose. Exercise training is known to reduce the risk of developing chronic disease and increase your lifespan. Importantly, physical activity is a better predictor of mortality than established
A newly published study on the effects of a sedentary lifestyle has examined associations between physical activity and physical functioning in a geriatric population. Physical functioning is a key determinant of health for geriatric populations. The drop in the physical function has been found to be associated with disability and mortality. With the increasingly aging
Researchers investigated a new gene therapy method using a vector virus aimed at improving symptoms and treatment of severe hemophilia A. Hemophilia A is a genetic disorder characterized by spontaneous bleeding in muscles and joints as well as a higher risk of bleeding inside the skull. The disease is caused by a genetic mutation that
A recent study, published in BMC Geriatrics, investigates the association between total cholesterol and mortality in geriatric patients. It further explores whether this association can be altered with the use of cholesterol-lowering drugs. The association between high levels of total cholesterol and the increased risk of mortality in young and middle-aged people is well established.
In a recent article published in The Lancet Neurology, researchers from Hamburg, Germany summarize what is currently known about cluster headaches. Cluster headaches are characterized by headache attacks causing pain on one side of the head, lasting for 15–180 minutes and occurring up to eight times a day. Unlike a migraine headache where individuals seek
A recently published study has examined the effects of psychological well-being on lipid profiles including HDL cholesterol levels. For many years the link between psychological well-being and lipid profiles has been studied. Initially, it was found that there was a negative correlation between cholesterol and moods. This means that as cholesterol levels increased, mood decreased.
A mother’s diet has previously been shown to influence the baby’s birth weight and preterm delivery. A new study published in the British Journal of Nutrition assessed whether the composition of macronutrients during pregnancy affects the offspring’s birth weight. Scientific literature widely supports the importance of dietary habits during pregnancy for the health of both
Researchers from East Carolina University performed a study using mice to look at the effects of exercise in reversing metabolic dysfunction in Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurological degenerative condition that leads to cognitive decline and memory loss. Alzheimer’s disease is strongly associated with aging and it is believed that over time, specific
Current anxiety and depression guidelines recommend continuing therapy for six to 24 months. However, relapse after discontinuing antidepressant medications is common. Researchers examined whether the risk of relapse was higher in anxiety patients who discontinued antidepressant medications or those who did not. The most commonly used treatment for anxiety and depression is antidepressant medications. Chronic
A recent article published in Immunity & Ageing reviews the various mechanisms involved in allergic diseases in the elderly. Our immune system plays an important role in protecting us against foreign substances and pathogens. Throughout our lives, our immune cells can become primed to react to unwanted entities, but an over-reaction by the immune system
A recent study compared the effectiveness of acupuncture for Alzheimer’s with donepezil, a medication used to address cognitive and behavioral symptoms. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative condition associated with symptoms including memory loss, language deficits, disorientation, and personality and behavioral changes. It is chronic and progressive and, while medications may slow the progression, there
A recent study published in the British Medical Journal determines whether there is a correlation between the occurrence of rainfall and achy joints. It is widely believed that changes in the weather can contribute to the intensity of back and joint pain, especially for patients diagnosed with arthritis. Previous research on the topic, however, has
Researchers in Switzerland have revealed new findings in BMC Gastroenterology on the relationship between inflammatory bowel disease and wellbeing in children. Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is a rare chronic and debilitating illness characterized by cycles of disease activity and remission. IBD is associated with a series of signs and symptoms ranging from bloody diarrhea to symptoms
A recent study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, the researchers compared the effect of individualized nutrition therapy that is provided by a dietitian with the effect of dietary advice from other healthcare professionals. Nutrition therapy is considered to be an integral part of treating type 2 diabetes. It is the application of
A recent Swiss study examined three leading sports watches, Suunto, Garmin, and Polar, for their accuracy in measuring energy expenditure. The market for sports watches has been growing in recent years. Indeed, these popular and relatively inexpensive devices look to be a perfect fit for today’s active lifestyles. Comparison of Suunto, Garmin, and Polar Brand
A 2017 study investigated the effects of the increased adoption of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with advanced ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer deaths among American women, demonstrating how aggressive it might be. Unfortunately, most cases are diagnosed in the advanced stages because there are no reliable early symptoms or