A systematic review has evaluated whether the accuracy of symptoms and physical examination leads to a timely pneumonia diagnosis in children. With an estimated 900,000 deaths worldwide, pneumonia is a leading cause of illness and mortality in children. The subsequent cost in healthcare in the developed world is significant, with the rate of outpatient visits
Researchers in Tehran investigated whether the level of variety in the daily diet is related to stress and depression in women. Mental health issues are an increasing global concern. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that depressive disorders make up the third largest burden of disease worldwide. Several studies have highlighted the importance of a
Researchers analyzed data from various communities in Uganda to determine if increasing antiretroviral therapy (ART) and medical male circumcision are beneficial for HIV prevention. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that attacks the body’s immune system and can progress to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). HIV makes it difficult for the body to fight
Researchers investigated the association between lifestyle factors and the likelihood of suffering from GERD, also known as gastro-esophageal reflux disease. Most people will experience occasional bouts of acid reflux. However, if an individual experiences acid refluxes more than twice weekly, they may be diagnosed with gastro-esophageal reflux disease, commonly known as GERD. Over 15 million
Researchers piloted a study to investigate the potential of using virtual reality (VR) training systems in stroke rehabilitation. Following a stroke, survivors are often left with physical and mental disabilities. Nine out of ten stroke survivors are left with some degree of upper limb motor impairment, thus making it the most prevalent post-stroke disability suffered.
A recent study uncovered the mechanisms responsible for the effect of b-glucan from barley on blood cholesterol levels and evaluated the role of genetics. There is mounting evidence supporting the role of soluble dietary fiber in the prevention and management of cardiovascular diseases. Beta-glucan is a viscous water-soluble form of fiber available in cereals such
In a recent review, researchers summarized evidence indicating an association between chronic kidney disease and gut microbiota dysbiosis. The human body is home to trillions of microorganisms that inhabit the skin, gastrointestinal, respiratory, and urogenital tracts, and the oral cavity. The gastrointestinal tract alone is estimated to house microorganisms whose numbers exceed 100 trillion –
In a recent study, researchers in Brazil examined the safety and effectiveness of an intragastric balloon in severely obese female adolescents. The prevalence of childhood obesity is growing worldwide. Often, lifestyle changes during this stage of life are not long-lasting, and most of the weight lost is regained within the first five years. The safe,
In a recent multinational clinical trial, researchers evaluated the effectiveness of two fremanezumab regimens for chronic migraine prevention. The transmission of pain signals during migraines is thought to be carried out in part by the release of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) from one nerve and reception by the next. Early trials have shown that fremanezumab,
Depression is a condition affecting millions of people throughout the world. Aalbers and colleagues review the evidence of the effectiveness of music therapy for depression in a recent study. Depression is a medical condition that affects millions each year. It leads to a low mood, low energy, and reduced interest in activities that the person
A web-based survey aims to identify the factors associated with reluctance in pursuing professional psychiatric help for depression. Depressive disorders are a growing public health concern. While strides have been made in diagnosing and treating these illnesses, getting those afflicted the initial treatment needed remains a challenge. In order to identify the triggers that lead
A recent review article evaluates the lives of young caregivers of family members who suffer from chronic illness. The article summarizes their personal experiences and the impact of their care. Young caregivers are children or adolescents who provide care, assistance, or support to family members with chronic illness. These children take over many of the
Researchers investigated whether there is an association between sleep timing and diet and physical activity levels in children between 9 and 11 years old. It is well-known that getting a good night’s sleep is important for health. Previous studies have shown that getting fewer hours sleep is associated with excess body weight and poor diet
Researchers examine the risk factors and preventative actions related to schizophrenia from the first signs of psychosis to full diagnosis. Schizophrenia is a serious mental health condition. Marked by symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, or disorganized speech or behaviour, schizophrenia can severely impact an individual’s ability to function in society and lead a fulfilling life.
A recent study compared the impact of an Achilles tendon rupture on the running style and mechanics of athletes compared with healthy controls. The largest and strongest tendon in the body is the Achilles tendon, the fibrous tissue connecting the calf muscles to the heel bone. It plays a crucial role in enabling humans to
A recent study evaluated the effectiveness of using a subcutaneous injection to prevent postherpetic neuralgia, a common complication of shingles. Chickenpox is a common childhood infection caused by the herpes zoster virus. However, once the rash caused by the virus has cleared up, the virus can lay dormant for years. Later in life, or due
A recent study examined the effect of yogurt consumption on biomarkers of chronic inflammation in normal weight and obese individuals. Obesity remains a growing public health concern and is associated with some chronic illnesses such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and certain cancers. Previous studies have determined that the gut bacteria in obese individuals are different
Researchers reviewed data from twenty prospective studies to analyze the relationship between omega-6 fatty acids and type 2 diabetes. Omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are found in nuts, seeds, and edible oils (such as most vegetable oils). They play an important role in growth and development. Certain clinical guidelines, such as the American Heart Association
A recently published systematic review and meta-analysis assesses the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in children admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit. Vitamin D is a regulator of calcium levels in the body. A deficiency in vitamin D levels correlates with many skeletal conditions and has been identified as a cause of conditions such
A recent study investigates whether google trends and search queries can be used to track disease and guide future prevention and support programs. Internet search engines, like Google, are great tools that provide quick and easy access to health-related information, regarding disease symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. Cancer-related queries are some of the most common health-related
Researchers examined the role of the social environment, neurocognitive development, and brain plasticity in some adolescents’ natural resilience to substance use disorders. Adolescent Drug Use Abusing drugs such as tobacco, alcohol, and illegal prescription drugs are most likely to begin during adolescence. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, by the time teenagers are
Researchers followed prostate cancer patients to observe differences in mortality between patients who underwent prostatectomy and those on observation. Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers diagnosed in men. It is, however, a malignancy that progresses slower than other cancers. There has been a recent trend of a gradual increase in the incidence
A recent article published in BMC Pulmonary Medicine surveys physicians to understand their views on the new guidelines for asthma management. Asthma is a widespread, global health problem that impairs the quality of life and workplace productivity for many. There have been advances in asthma treatments, but many patients still cannot effectively manage their disease.
Researchers from Cleveland, Ohio examined which areas of the brain might be responsible for severe hypotension in individuals with epilepsy. When the heart beats, it contracts, pushing blood through the arteries to the rest of the body. In turn, this creates pressure in the blood vessels. The amount of pressure in the arteries is called
A team of Norwegian nutritionists compared native and regular whey proteins to determine which supplement is most effective at building muscle. As any bodybuilder would tell you, protein intake is essential for stimulating muscle growth after exercise. Protein powders such as whey or soy are particularly popular amongst muscle builders to boost their protein intake.
Having a good sleep schedule is vital for human health. A recent study published in Chronobiology International has investigated the effects of bright-light exposure during daytime sleeping following a night shift. Shift work has become a crucial component of our modern-day work system. However, shift work can negatively impact an individual’s sleep schedule. Past research
A recent study investigated whether high or moderate protein intake would affect recovery and performance during strength training. There are three macronutrients that make up the total calories found in all the food we consume: proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. For active individuals, particularly those training for strength or muscle building, protein has been identified as
Researchers recently investigated whether introducing HIV self-testing could provide a potential HIV prevention strategy, particularly among female sex workers in Zambia. The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) aims to diagnose at least 90% of the world’s population living with HIV by the year 2020. In order to achieve this goal, a high coverage