Month: December 2017

A study is investigating whether resistance training exercises or yoga has more beneficial effects on the wellbeing of patients with Parkinson’s. Parkinson’s disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disease which now affects more than ten million people globally. Whilst physical symptoms of this chronic illness are typically treated with medications which replace dopamine to
0 Comments
Childhood obesity prevention is increasingly becoming a public health priority. This study examines parent experiences as they relate to childhood obesity. The obesity prevalence found among Latino children has been reported to be extremely high. The parents of these children are often of low income and living in urban communities, but even if educated they
0 Comments
A study published in The New England Journal of Medicine assessed changes in brain anatomy and structure of astronauts after short and long spaceflight. During spaceflight, astronauts experience a phenomenon called microgravity, which is the feeling of weightlessness. It has been shown that microgravity can lead to the ‘visual impairment and intracranial pressure’ (VIIP) syndrome,
0 Comments
One could argue that human history has been shaped by infectious diseases caused by pathogens. In a recent article published in BMC Biology, researchers answer the questions what are pathogens and what have they done for us? Micro-organisms are all around us and even live inside us. Amazingly, the human body contains as many bacterial
0 Comments
Researchers recently investigated the long-term effectiveness of diabetes prevention approaches on the incidence of diabetes-related mortality and morbidity. Currently, diabetes affects over 415 million adults worldwide and this is expected to increase to as many as 642 million adults by the year 2040. Since diabetes treatment cost the US healthcare system over $245 billion in
0 Comments
Research attempts to unpack the attitudes of patients in adopting active surveillance as a treatment option for slow-growing prostate cancer. Over 20,000 Canadians were diagnosed with prostate cancer in 2016, making it the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men. A patient receiving a diagnosis of prostate cancer is a frightening position, and understandably they may
0 Comments
Clinicians review the availability and potential misuse of prescription-strength topical steroids in the United States. Topical steroids are used to treat inflammatory conditions of the skin, such as eczema. They are available in varying potencies. Low potency topical steroids may be available for purchase without a prescription. Topical steroids can cause systemic side effects such
0 Comments
A study investigates the potential relationship between whole-grain and fruit and vegetable food groups with healthy kidney function. Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a global public health problem that is typically associated with high blood pressure and diabetes. CKD can lead to cardiovascular disease and consequently result in death. Consumption of whole grains, fruits, and
0 Comments
Researchers investigated whether extremely high levels of HDL cholesterol are associated with increased mortality in men and women. HDL cholesterol, often known as “good” cholesterol, is known to have an inverse relationship with cardiovascular disease and mortality—higher HDL cholesterol levels are associated with lower cardiovascular disease. Randomized clinical trials, however, have failed to prove that
0 Comments
Diabetes is a common metabolic disorder. Researchers recently examined if diabetes is also associated with higher cancer incidence. Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that is estimated to affect 7% of Canadians (approximately 2.1 million) according to Statistics Canada. Diabetics suffer from uncontrolled blood glucose levels due to complications releasing insulin, a blood glucose regulating hormone.
0 Comments
Researchers recently looked at whether using iodine supplements during pregnancy could benefit the offspring’s neurocognitive development. Iodine is a vital component of thyroid hormones, which are essential for many aspects of fetal growth and development. Its role in fetal brain development is particularly important, with some studies implying that maternal iodine deficiency may be associated
0 Comments
A recent study assessed the association between chronic conditions, physical multi-morbidity, and sedentary behaviour among adults in six countries. Sedentary behaviour is associated with a wide range of deleterious outcomes such as diabetes, stroke, and premature mortality, irrespective of a person’s physical activity levels. There have been no studies that are nationally representative, multi-national, or
0 Comments
A secondary data review of past analyses may provide a stronger link between antidepressant drugs during pregnancy and autism risk. An essential part of current research and data analysis includes a meta-review of previous work by scientific peers or colleagues. One such study is a secondary review of six multiple-data-source studies performed by Dr. Chittaranjan
0 Comments
As reported in Science Magazine, an American research institute recently launched an initiative to share data from live human brain cells. As technological advancements have been made in the field of biology, scientists have been, to a greater extent, able to study the specifics of the human body. An increasingly common technique is to fully
0 Comments
Current guidelines in the United States recommend cervical screening until 65 years. Researchers investigate the effectiveness of screening in older women. The high rate of cervical cancer in older women continues to be a concern for countries that have long-established cervical screening practices. By these measures, countries have seen a significant reduction in cervical cancer
0 Comments
A randomized trial investigated the effects of brain surgery on the risk of recurrent seizures in children with drug-resistant epilepsy. Drug-resistant epilepsy carries significant health burdens. In addition to the risk of recurrent seizures, young people with this condition are at a higher risk of poor intellectual and psychosocial development. A common treatment for this
0 Comments
A recent study sheds new light on the genetic basis of alcohol dependence and major depression, which could help develop new treatments for these conditions. Although the comorbidity of alcohol dependence and major depression is recognized, the underlying basis of their co-occurrence is not well understood. Studies indicate that alcohol dependence increases the risk of
0 Comments
A recent study investigated whether there is a link between consuming high glycemic foods and the accumulation of amyloid-β plaques in older adults. More than one in eight Americans aged over 65 years is affected by Alzheimer’s disease, the most common form of dementia. The hallmark characteristic of Alzheimer’s disease is the formation and accumulation
0 Comments
An article published in the British Medical Journal discusses a study on the long-term use of statins for patients with high cholesterol. A recent study explored the long-term use of statins in patients with high levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. LDL cholesterol transports fat to cells, where they can build up and cause atherosclerosis.
0 Comments
There has been growing interest in the health benefits of nature therapy. Researchers recently reviewed the scientific evidence for these benefits. Poets and other writers have long expounded the spiritual and health benefits of nature. Now, there is increasing interest from clinical and scientific circles in whether there are quantifiable health benefits to going outdoors,
0 Comments
A research group evaluated whether higher e-cigarette nicotine levels contribute to increased frequency and intensity of cigarette smoking and vaping. Last year, a worrisome 11% of American 10th-grade students reported using e-cigarettes (vaping) in the past month. Prior research has proven that teens who vape are at a higher risk of starting and consequently progressing
0 Comments
In a recently published review, researchers summarize the effects of paternal obesity on male fertility — specifically sperm quality and progeny health. Obesity, defined as the excessive accumulation of adipose tissue, is a well-established risk factor for many pathologies, including hypertension, kidney and cardiovascular disease, and type II diabetes. Recent studies have shown that obesity
0 Comments
Using techniques traditionally used in applying makeup, researchers inject dermal fillers for cheek augmentation. They recently published their results. One of the changes often seen in the aging face is sagging cheeks. The drooping from the loss of skin tone and elasticity can also be compounded by the shrinking of the cheekbone. Recreating the youthful
0 Comments
Researchers from Purdue University have demonstrated how deep learning technology can analyze patterns in the visual cortex to “read” what a person sees. Researchers from Purdue University have developed a method using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and computer algorithms to map the neural networks of the visual cortex and to build a model of
0 Comments