Month: December 2017

Researchers investigated whether extremely high levels of HDL cholesterol are associated with increased mortality in men and women. HDL cholesterol, often known as “good” cholesterol, is known to have an inverse relationship with cardiovascular disease and mortality—higher HDL cholesterol levels are associated with lower cardiovascular disease. Randomized clinical trials, however, have failed to prove that
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Researchers recently looked at whether using iodine supplements during pregnancy could benefit the offspring’s neurocognitive development. Iodine is a vital component of thyroid hormones, which are essential for many aspects of fetal growth and development. Its role in fetal brain development is particularly important, with some studies implying that maternal iodine deficiency may be associated
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A secondary data review of past analyses may provide a stronger link between antidepressant drugs during pregnancy and autism risk. An essential part of current research and data analysis includes a meta-review of previous work by scientific peers or colleagues. One such study is a secondary review of six multiple-data-source studies performed by Dr. Chittaranjan
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As reported in Science Magazine, an American research institute recently launched an initiative to share data from live human brain cells. As technological advancements have been made in the field of biology, scientists have been, to a greater extent, able to study the specifics of the human body. An increasingly common technique is to fully
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Current guidelines in the United States recommend cervical screening until 65 years. Researchers investigate the effectiveness of screening in older women. The high rate of cervical cancer in older women continues to be a concern for countries that have long-established cervical screening practices. By these measures, countries have seen a significant reduction in cervical cancer
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A recent study sheds new light on the genetic basis of alcohol dependence and major depression, which could help develop new treatments for these conditions. Although the comorbidity of alcohol dependence and major depression is recognized, the underlying basis of their co-occurrence is not well understood. Studies indicate that alcohol dependence increases the risk of
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A recent study investigated whether there is a link between consuming high glycemic foods and the accumulation of amyloid-β plaques in older adults. More than one in eight Americans aged over 65 years is affected by Alzheimer’s disease, the most common form of dementia. The hallmark characteristic of Alzheimer’s disease is the formation and accumulation
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There has been growing interest in the health benefits of nature therapy. Researchers recently reviewed the scientific evidence for these benefits. Poets and other writers have long expounded the spiritual and health benefits of nature. Now, there is increasing interest from clinical and scientific circles in whether there are quantifiable health benefits to going outdoors,
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In a recently published review, researchers summarize the effects of paternal obesity on male fertility — specifically sperm quality and progeny health. Obesity, defined as the excessive accumulation of adipose tissue, is a well-established risk factor for many pathologies, including hypertension, kidney and cardiovascular disease, and type II diabetes. Recent studies have shown that obesity
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Using techniques traditionally used in applying makeup, researchers inject dermal fillers for cheek augmentation. They recently published their results. One of the changes often seen in the aging face is sagging cheeks. The drooping from the loss of skin tone and elasticity can also be compounded by the shrinking of the cheekbone. Recreating the youthful
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Researchers from Purdue University have demonstrated how deep learning technology can analyze patterns in the visual cortex to “read” what a person sees. Researchers from Purdue University have developed a method using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and computer algorithms to map the neural networks of the visual cortex and to build a model of
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A clinical trial involving patients with heart diseases has revealed new dimensions of the role of anti-inflammatory medications in preventing heart attacks. Like many diseases, it’s been proven that inflammation can be an underlying predisposing factor for cardiovascular diseases including heart attacks and strokes. Investigations about the role of inflammatory pathways in developing cardiovascular disease
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In a recent systematic review published in BMC Cancer, researchers summarize previous data on the effects of exercise on cancer fatigue. Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) affects many cancer patients who either are undergoing or have undergone treatment. This condition occurs when patients are physically, mentally, or emotionally tired due to cancer therapies. Cancer fatigue can have
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Researchers investigated whether mepolizumab is safer and more effective than triple-inhaled treatments for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The aim of developing new targeted treatments such as mepolizumab is to improve health-related quality of life for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). COPD is a chronic inflammatory lung condition which is characterized by increasing breathlessness,
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Researchers from Duke University look to see how financial incentives for improved glucose monitoring might keep teens from developing complications caused by type 1 diabetes. The transition from adolescence to adulthood can be a rough time for most people, but for kids with type 1 diabetes, it’s more than just dealing with teen angst. Type
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Researchers propose a modified guideline for type 2 diabetes treatment by evaluating patients’ cardiovascular risks when choosing anti-diabetic medications. Previous studies have shown that those with diabetes are at an increased risk of cardiovascular disease despite the use of cholesterol-lowering agents. Because of this, Valentina Rodriguez from the Division of Endocrinology at the New York
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Using data from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, researchers examine the relationship between children’s exercise and perceived neighborhood safety. The risk factors for cardiovascular disease, which include diabetes, obesity, and high blood pressure, are becoming more prevalent among youth. As a result, intervention efforts are beginning to target physical activity among youth as a way
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A large US study looked at whether women who develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy are at a higher risk of cardiovascular disease later in life. During pregnancy, some women develop problems controlling their blood glucose. This is known as gestational diabetes. Although the condition is not fully understood, it is known that in pregnant women
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