Month: December 2017

Researchers examined the relationship between gait stability and physical activity in older adults performing treadmill exercises. Walking is a good physical activity, and previous studies have found that it provides improved gait stability in the elderly. As published in the European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, researchers recently used treadmill exercises to evaluate the
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Practitioners at an integrative medicine primary care center combining conventional and complementary therapies assessed their patients’ experiences. Integrative medicine is a prevention-oriented, holistic approach to healthcare which emphasizes the importance of lifestyle to maintain health. It combines conventional medical treatment with complementary therapies. Health centers focused on integrative medicine aim to promote self-care and to
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Studies have shown that musical interventions have a positive impact on our physical health. A recent review published in Perspectives in Public Health looked at whether the benefits of music also apply to our mental wellbeing. Ways to improve our physical health and well-being are constantly being investigated and the results often contribute to the
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In a recent study, Dutch researchers investigated whether there is a link between tumour gene activity and responsiveness to chemotherapy in patients with metastatic breast cancer. Due to the diverse nature of metastatic breast cancers (in which cancerous cells have spread to other parts of the body and may have mutated further), it is difficult
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A study examined if salivary leptin levels and variations in sweet taste-receptor genes were involved in sweet taste sensitivity and satiety. Taste plays an important role in the preference for certain foods and the magnitude of food intake. Moreover, taste sensitivity can vary widely among individuals. For instance, people who have high oral sensitivity to
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A recent meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials assessed the efficacy of two drug treatments in reducing mortality in heart failure patients. Chronic heart failure affects 1-2% of the adult population in developed countries and it has one of the highest morbidity and mortality rates for cardiovascular disease globally. It is thus crucial to decrease the
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A world-wide meta- analysis involving the results of 88 clinical trials determined breast cancer recurrence outcomes 5-20 years after endocrine therapy. Endocrine therapy has proven quite beneficial for breast cancer therapy, even significantly reducing breast cancer recurrence in estrogen-receptor-positive patients when administered adjuvantly for five years. Furthermore, extending the time for which adjuvant endocrine therapy
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In a recent systematic review, researchers evaluate the roles of hormones in overtraining syndrome. Trained athletes are aware that recovery periods away from training are just as significant as the time spent training. Inadequate rest and nutrition can lead to overtraining syndrome (OTS) among athletes, compounding problems concerning muscle fatigue, hormone, and metabolic function. An
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A study looked at the perceived barriers to implementing lifestyle changes for preventing heart disease among different socio-demographic populations. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains a leading cause of morbidity and death in many countries. It is well-studied that a healthy lifestyle leads to a 67-72% lower risk of developing heart failure and that 80% of CVD
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A descriptive study of food advertisement seeks to understand product promotion in the realm of online marketing strategies. Food and beverage giants influence poor dietary choices in both developed and undeveloped countries. The disconnect between nutrition and health may lie in the comprehensive online marketing strategies of food companies, which tailor their sales approach differently
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Botulinum toxin manufacturers recommend avoiding anticoagulants during therapy. Researchers recently conducted a clinical trial to evaluate the risk. Botulinum toxin (BT), also known as Botox®, is a neurotoxin that is commonly used for cosmetic and muscle relaxation therapies. Once injected into muscle tissue, BT quickly inactivates surrounding nerves causing muscle paralysis which reduces muscle tension.
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Researchers study whether practicing tai chi – an ancient form of Chinese martial arts – might help older adults reduce their risk of accidental falls. Often referred to as a “moving meditation”, tai chi is an ancient Chinese practice that centers on developing flexibility and whole body coordination. The martial art had been previously reported
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Researchers evaluated the safety and efficacy of ACE inhibitors and statins for the treatment of urinary albumin in adolescent type 1 diabetics.   Abnormally high urinary levels of albumin – a protein normally abundant in blood, but rare in urine – are associated with an increased risk of kidney dysfunction and cardiovascular disease. Adolescent type
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Researchers from Toronto reveal an innovative approach to study brain changes linked to working memory loss in people with Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia Dementia is a general term for the loss of memory and other cognitive skills. Unlike cognitive impairment associated with normal aging, the cognitive decline associated with dementia is serious enough
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Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by hallucinations, delusions, and confused thinking. A new study published in JAMA Psychiatry assessed whether inflammation was associated with an increased risk of developing schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder affecting approximately 0.7% of the population. Individuals with schizophrenia often experience hallucinations and delusions and fail to understand
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In a recently published review, researchers examine the relationship between parenting behaviours and childhood snacking. Childhood overweight and obesity have drastically increased over the past several decades. There are many factors that have likely contributed to this pattern, including activity levels, food availability, parenting practices and others. Research has shown that snacking can be a
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A recent study examines if a high-dose vitamin D3 supplement could replenish vitamin D stores in deficient heart failure patients. Roughly 600,000 Canadians currently live with heart failure and 50,000 new cases are diagnosed each year. The cost of the disease burden amounts to $2.8 billion annually.1 Prognosis is generally poor with an average one-year
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