Month: August 2017

Scientists at the Center for Injury Research and Prevention at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia asked the question; “what is the association between attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and car crashes involving young adult drivers, and does this vary by sex, licensing age, and/or being prescribed ADHD medication?” Car crashes are the leading cause of death
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  In a 2017 study, researchers explored the risks and benefits of levothyroxine for subclinical hypothyroidism treatment in older adults. The findings suggest levothyroxine does not improve hypothyroidism symptoms.   Hypothyroidism – underproduction of the thyroid hormone thyroxine and compensatory overproduction of the pituitary hormone which promotes its release, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) –can have profound
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I’m sure by now you know it can be really challenging for busy folks to have a healthy diet plan on a regular basis. Time, of course, plays a huge factor. Have you noticed how the lack of time spirals into -Eating ready-made meals, which are usually high in fat, sugar and salt content. -Eating
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Metabolic syndrome and non alcoholic fatty liver disease are conditions that are becoming more prevalent due to an increase of fructose and fats in our diets. A new study examines the role of citrulline in preventing endotoxin-induced injury in a rat model of non alcoholic fatty liver disease and finds that citrulline is able to prevent an inflammatory
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Smoking leads to harmful health hazards. It has undesirable consequences on the person, his family and the ecosystem. Teen smoking and second hand smoking are further ill-effects of consuming tobacco based products. In spite of these hard facts and hoards of statistics accusing smoking as the largest cause of preventable deaths, smoking addiction is considered
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It is important to have a perfect plan in place before one decides to stay off cigarettes. There are different methods to quit smoking, including various behavioural, pharmaceutical and motivational methods. Usually, quitters experience strong symptoms of nicotine withdrawal that might force them back into a relapse. Quitting smoking thus includes building resilience and determination
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  Chronic kidney disease is both a cause and consequence of hypertension. In patients with both conditions, accurate evaluation and a tailored treatment program are essential for successful hypertension management.     Blood circulates through the body at a certain pressure within the arteries. This pressure changes depending on activity levels– elevating during exercise, to
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PET scanning revealed elevated translocator protein in several regions comprising the neurocircuitry of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), indicating a pathogenic role for microglia in the neuropathogenesis of OCD. Though several Hollywood stars have been diagnosed with OCD, no one is better remembered for suffering from this debilitating condition than Howard Hughes of ‘The Aviator’. Characterized
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The Laser Therapy way to quit smoking is one of the most popular and painless quit-smoking techniques. By directing laser beams to specific places in the body, the therapist tries to decrease the desire for cigarettes. The term Laser is an acronym for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. Many smokers have vouched that
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Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the thalamus is a well-known treatment for tremor related to Parkinson’s disease, but the research surrounding its efficacy with multiple sclerosis tremors remains inconclusive. DBS of two thalamic nuclei was found to significantly decrease tremor severity over the course of 6 months in individuals with multiple sclerosis tremors.   Multiple
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A new study validates the use of minimally invasive autopsies (MIAs) to accurately determine the cause of death in stillbirths and neonatal deaths. Since MIAs are less invasive, simpler, and more feasible, they could be an excellent tool to guide the development of preventative strategies to improve child survival in low-income, high-burden communities.   Each
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Reducing maternal mortality rates has been a long-term goal of public health officials. In the past, the majority of research has focused on infant mortality and its relation to the mother’s age (maternal age), leaving the connection between maternal mortality rates and maternal age understudied. Recent research indicates that maternal mortality rates increase significantly after
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Metabolic syndrome is a group of risk factors that increase the likelihood of developing heart disease and diabetes. Previous studies have identified aerobic and resistance exercise as protective factors that potentially reduce the risk of metabolic syndrome. A study on middle-aged healthy adults found that both aerobic and resistance exercises decrease the risk of developing
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  Chikungunya virus is a mosquito-borne virus for which recent outbreaks in human populations have drawn a lot of interest from the scientific community. Luckily, a group of investigators recently reported the development of a monoclonal antibody with therapeutic potential in a macaque monkey model of the disease. Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) can be transmitted to
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The use of alemtuzumab as an immunotherapy for multiple sclerosis (MS) has been linked to serious side effects. A new study explains how alemtuzumab might trigger new autoimmune disease as the immune system reconstitutes itself after administration.   Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease which causes damage to the central nervous system by eating
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Heart failure affects over 23 million people worldwide and despite progress in diagnosis and treatment, the 5-year mortality rate for heart failure patients remains high (45-60%). Recent research explored the potential of exercise to protect against heart failure. Heart failure occurs when the heart is damaged or weakened and is not strong enough to properly
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Maternal depression leads to poor quality of life for the entire family, especially in low-income households where effective treatment is a challenge. Problem-solving education was found to be an effective depression prevention method in mothers of the Head Start community, a federally funded early-childhood education program for children and their families.   Head Start is
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Therapeutic agents with an especially promising therapeutic profile for life-threatening diseases with limited therapeutic options, can access the market faster through the accelerated approval route. This route allows faster market access for some life-saving medicines, however systematic evaluation of the clinical evidences on agents received accelerated approval is raising a concern and addressed in recent issue of
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Brimonidine decreases fluid production and pressure inside the eye in patients with ocular hypertension and glaucoma and has been approved since 2013 for treatment of facial erythema of rosacea. However, recent reports indicate that topical brimonidine can result in serious side effects.   Two case reports have recently brought brimonidine into the spotlight when topical
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