Month: July 2017

A recent study explored the antibacterial effects of modified forms of vancomycin on antibiotic-resistant bacteria. The results suggest C1-aminomethylene vancomycin may be an effective agent against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and other antibiotic-resistant bacteria.   The ability of bacterial strains to acquire resistance to antibiotics faster than antibacterial therapies can be developed is of growing
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A recent study reports that novel intervention methods that incorporate both clinical and community resources improve BMI and family-centered outcomes for childhood obesity.   The burden of childhood obesity can never be overstated and even though there has been a decline in its prevalence in the United States, it still has a great impact on
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Polymeric micelles are an important class of targeted drug delivery systems that act as carriers of chemotherapeutic agents. A recent review summarized the research being carried out in the development and use of polymeric micelles and micelle-forming drug-polymer conjugates for cancer therapy.   A common problem in cancer treatment is the untargeted delivery of highly
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Parent-based treatment (PBT) programs and family-based treatment (FBT) programs are  similarly effective for child weight loss. Moreover, PBT is also effective for parent weight loss and energy intake, in addition to improving physical activity for both child and parent.   Since one-third of American children are classified as obese or overweight, effective treatment programs are
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A recent study examined whether diet during pregnancy influences fat mass and adiposity in newborns.   Many studies have reported links between maternal diet and birth outcomes and weight, indicating that maternal health and nutritional status play a key role in the future health of offspring. Diet during pregnancy has been associated with newborn adiposity
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Researchers from Duke University in North Carolina produced pathogen-resistant crops without compromising the plant’s yield and fitness.   Plants are commonly attacked by microbial, viral or fungal pathogens. Improving crop production involves the applications of pesticides. In recent years, genetically modified pathogen-resistant crops that express a high level of immune proteins have been produced. One
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Hypertension is a predominant risk factor for stroke and cardiovascular disease. A meta-analysis found a significant inverse relationship between dietary intake of magnesium and risk of hypertension.   Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a risk factor for several major causes of death including stroke and cardiovascular disease. About 29.6% of U.S. adults
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Studies have found that undernourished children are less physically active than well-nourished children. Researchers investigated the effects of lipid-based nutrients supplements (LNS) on the physical activity levels of children born to Malawian mothers and found that LNS does not increase physical activity in Malawian toddlers.   Poor dietary intake and malnutrition are issues prevalent in
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Depression and anxiety are often prevalent in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but these patients do not often seek traditional therapy. A recent study reports that telephone-based cognitive behavioral therapy significantly improved symptoms of depression in COPD patients after an eight-week telephone program.   Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a well-known disease
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Physical fitness, an important health status marker, has been found to predict cardiovascular disease and mortality. A recent study demonstrated that greater self-reported physical fitness, in particular cardiorespiratory fitness, is associated with higher self-reported life satisfaction, quality of life, and self-rated health among adolescents.   Physical fitness, an important health status marker, has been found
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Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) are widely-used effective treatments for depression. A recent study examined patients over the course of 10 months of treatment and found that CBT was more effective at lowering depression severity than IPT.   Depression, also known as major depressive disorder, is defined by the National Institute of
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Urinary tract infection (UTI) related to urinary catheter use can cause many problems in nursing home residents. A USA nationwide project to improve care in this area successfully reduced the number of catheter-associated UTIs.   A urinary catheter is a small flexible tube inserted via the urethra into the bladder to drain urine. It is
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Antibiotic use for respiratory tract infections is the mainstay therapy in primary care but a recent study shows that hospital reconsultations with symptoms of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) can be significantly reduced with delayed antibiotic prescription.   Infections of the respiratory tract are a regular reason for primary care consultations and patients often present
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