A study examines the association between viruses and breast cancer by examining the presence of the four viruses in normal breast tissue and after cancer development. Numerous viruses have been linked to the development of invasive breast cancer.1 Of these, the mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV), bovine leukemia virus (BLV), human papillomavirus (HPV), and Epstein
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A new screening strategy, YouthCHAT, is soon to be implemented in New Zealand to combat mental health disorders and risky behaviour in adolescents. Mental health concerns and risky behaviour often arise during adolescence, including alcohol and drug use, physical inactivity, and sexual risk behaviours. In New Zealand, 25% of youth are affected by depression and
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Researchers test the safety and efficacy of a natural anti-fungal treatment derived from spirulina to treat severe fungal infections of the skin and nails. Superficial fungal infections of the hair, skin, or nails, also referred to dermatophytosis, affects about a quarter of the world’s population. Topical anti-fungal treatment creams can be used to treat dermatophytosis,
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Researchers identify factors associated with choosing alternative treatment for cancer and compare survival outcomes with conventional cancer treatment. Some patients with cancer choose to use methods of alternative treatment for cancer rather than conventional cancer treatment. However, the effectiveness of alternative medicine is still unknown as research on the topic is limited in part due
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A recent US study determined whether turning family exercise into cooperative games can increase motivation and family exercise levels. Many research studies that have investigated the connection between obesity, physical activity, and cardiovascular diseases have demonstrated that the majority of adults in the US are not meeting recommended levels of physical activity. This, in turn,
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In a recent study, scientists investigate the use of MDMA in conjunction with psychotherapy as an aid in treating and alleviating PTSD symptoms. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by the re-experiencing of psychological and physiological distress related to past traumatic events. Individuals with PTSD may undergo profound personality changes linked to past traumatic experiences.
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A recent study investigated whether levels of brain atrophy in different subtypes of Alzheimer’s disease could be associated with different levels of education. Symptoms of brain atrophy, the shrinking of the brain which is caused by the loss of neurons, includes significant impairment to cognitive functions which can lead to Alzheimer’s disease dementia. Research has
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Asthma is a complex chronic disease with environmental and genetic factors influencing prevalence. A recent study examined epigenetic data from children to determine the importance of epigenetics in childhood asthma. Asthma is a chronic disease that causes inflammation and swelling of the airways which can lead to wheezing and shortness of breath. In 2009, it
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A study evaluating the risks and benefits of 3D mammogram screening aims to help physicians select the appropriate screening method for their patients. Breast cancer screening through mammography has allowed physicians to detect and track tumours before they become life-threatening, thus saving many lives. The type of screening used in practice will depend on how
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In a study published American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, researchers determine if there is a possible association between trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) and type 2 diabetes. Trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) is a metabolite synthesized in the liver by trimethylamine, which is generated from our natural gut bacteria. The precursor for TMAO is dietary trimethylamine-containing compounds, including phosphatidylcholine, choline, and
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Accurate tests are needed to guide decisions regarding closures due to beach water quality. In a recent study published in Environmental Health, researchers investigate fecal indicators and self-reported illness among six American beaches. Beach water quality poses a health concern that can impact the recreational use of beaches throughout the world. Human fecal contamination is
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A recent review paper examines the biology and clinical effectiveness of polyunsaturated fat in improving outcomes for patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disorder that often affects the joints, but can also affect other major tissues. Our understanding of the mechanisms behind the disease has advanced, in addition to the
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In a national study, UK researchers investigated how prostate cancer patient choice, mobility, and hospital competition policies, impact hospital policies. Several countries including those in the United Kingdom have implemented policies which enable patients to choose a specific healthcare centre in a bid to improve the efficiency in the delivery of healthcare services. The result
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In a recent study, researchers investigate the link between exercise and depression by determining whether exercise lower the risk of depression. Depression and the costs associated with it is steadily rising as a top public health concern across developed and developing nations. There is a great need for preventative and continuing care for this mental
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A study investigated heart disease treatment strategies to determine the most effective strategy for reducing the risk of secondary heart problems. Aspirin, commonly prescribed as a heart disease treatment, has been shown to reduce the risk of recurrent cardiovascular events such as coronary artery disease, stroke, and arrhythmias. Aspirin may also reduce the risk of
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In a recent study, researchers investigated whether there is a link between children’s antibiotics and the rise of autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes and celiac disease. The continued rise of autoimmune diseases (conditions in which the immune system attacks the body’s own cells) is believed to be caused in part by the increasing
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